TÂR


In the Persian language, târ means "rope." Tar is a Chordophone, a long-necked lute family of Rabab that exists in Persia at least since the sixteenth century. Tar, as we know it today, have appeared in Iran in the early nineteenth century. Nowadays, it is played in the Caucasus by the Azeris, Armenians, in Iran and in Central Asia. Its appearance may vary from one region to another, particularly in the shape and size of the openings of the resonance double. Tar is characterized by the skin membrane in lieu of soundboard. It now has six strings. The soundbox shaped "eight" is covered by lambskin. Generally, the handle is made of two strips of camel bone, separated by a strip of wood. Târ is played with a plectrum metal covered by a ball of wax called zakhmeh (or Mezrab). more...

 

SÊTÂR

 

 

 

Setar is composed of two words, which are three and târ that means "three strings". It is a direct descendant of the tambour. Setar consists of a long handle attached to a sounding pear spherical bottom composed of thin strips of wood (beech or mulberry) glued-laminated. The soundboard beech is very thin and break very small gills. The handle, long and thin, is fruit or walnut and boxwood four pegs. Since two and a half centuries ago, a fourth string was added, often given an octave higher than the bass string to make it bigger. This is a plucked string instrument that is played with the nail of the index finger.more...

 

TONBAC

 


Chalice drum skin glued, played with each finger of both hands. Initially accompanying instrument, it gained acclaim in the 50s with Ostad Hossein TEHERANI who developed a technique that enabled solo plays. Dariush Zarbafian continued to develop this approach for more expressive instrument. more...

 

DAF


Large frame drum has long been used in Kurds ritual ceremonies. Its specificity to have rings inlaid frame that the player sometimes used to emphasize the drama of the song. more...
Kind of frame drum with metal rings towers. This instrument is smaller than the Daf. more...

 

DOHOL

Bass drum, which is often scope to be struck on both sides with a mallet wood. It is an Iranian folk instrument. more...
Santour is a string instrument and melodic percussion instrument. It exists in Iran, India, southern Russia and in Gypsy, under different names (cimbalom, chang, sintur). Trapezoidal Santour includes nine choirs of four strings based on a movable bridge hardwood (tuning pegs placed at right). With lengths of rope and different components (brass bass, treble steel) gives a range of two octaves and a half. It has 72 strings, arranged with the help of 18 bridges on a trapezoidal soundboard. Two small vents in the shape of flowers or roses, allow better circulation of resonance. They are complemented by an opening in the middle of the back strap, providing a greater volume and allowing adjustment of souls. Santour is played by striking the strings with two sticks (Mezrab), very light (wood or boxwood medlar), held the first three fingers. The end of "Mezrab" is covered with felt, imitating the sound of the piano. The "rice" (continuous roll) is obtained by rapidly alternating shots left and right. more...

 

Kamanche means small arc. The spike fiddle with round resonance and soundboard lambskin. This is a bowed instrument known in Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Egypt, Tibet. It is also spread in some cities of the Far East under different names. Its uniqueness lies in its spherical shape that distinguishes it from all other stringed instruments. It has four strings and it is played with a bow (which remains fixed while the instrument is rotated on its axis) variable tension is required; not above like the violin but backed down, the palm of the hand is visible. The musician sits on the floor (or chair), pike resting on the knee or thigh. more...

 

NEY

 

 

Ney is a flute, an oblique terminal mouth reed whose earliest forms date back to the age of the pyramids. We can also find these oblique flutes spelling nai. The Iranian style of play is to position the mouth between the teeth (incisors) and direct the breath with the tongue curled inside the mouth and one side of the upper lip raised to let the sound. The result is a refined sound and powerful. Ney is held upright but changes positions to allow alteration of notes.more...